Dáil elections, 1982 - 1987
The 1980s saw the Irish republican movement reach a level of prominance in Irish and British politics that had not been seen since the 1920s. The Troubles in Northern Ireland and the hunger strikes in the Maze Prison in 1981 catapulted various republican groups into parliamentary politics. The most prominent of these groups was Sinn Féin, which had not taken part in a Dáil Éireann election since 1957.
February 1982 general election caused by the failure of the governing Fine Gael-Labour Party's Budget. In this election, just four candidates ran, including former IRA Chief of Staff John Joe McGirl. Three of these candidates ran in border constituencies, where they received between 6 and 9% of the vote. One candidate, Christy Burke, ran in Dublin Central but secured a much lower 3.2%. Sinn Féin would not contest the next election nine months later, and events afterward would mean that their next electoral outing in the republic would have a much bigger impact than this one.
In 1986, the majority of the Sinn Féin party voted to abolish the party's policy of abstentionism in Dáil Éireann. From this point on, elected Sinn Féin TDs would take their seats and fully partake in the politicial affairs of the state. In the next general election a year later, Sinn Féin ran 23 candidates in constituencies across the state. Though the party secured just 1.9% of the national vote, they performed well enough in several constituencies, particularly in Donegal North East and other boreder constituencies, beginning an ongoing trend. It would take another decade for Sinn Féin to successfully contest a general election.
Northern Ireland Assembly election, 1982
In 1982, an election was held in Northern Ireland for a new Assembly to which power would be devolved. Though the election would pass successfully, the Assembly itself would not. It was abolished just four years later, with the parties involved left to find a new way to secure devolution in Northern Ireland. In the 1982 election, Sinn Féin ran candidates in strongly nationalist areas in the west and south, as well as West Belfast, where the party won a high of 30.3%.
UK general elections, 1983 - 1987
In 1986, fifteen by-elections were held in Northern Ireland upon the resignation of unionist MPs in protest of the 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement. Sinn Féin contested four of these by-elections in the west and south: Fermanagh & South Tyrone, Mid-Ulster, Armagh and South Down. No electoral gains were made, and the party's vote share in each constituency declined by a few per cent. The next general election a year later saw an even greater decline in every constituency bar Lagan Valley, Upper Bann, Belfast North and Belfast West, where Adams' vote increased to 41.1%. The party's fortunes would eventually increase in 1997, when Mid-Ulster's Martin McGuinness became an MP alongside a newly re-elected Gerry Adams. Unlike in Ireland, however, the Sinn Féin policy of abstentionism in Westminster has not been abolished. Regardless of how many MPs Sinn Féin would have, they would not take their seats.