In 2007, despite ongoing rumours and controversy about Bertie Ahern's personal finances, Fianna Fáil won the most seats and he was elected Taoiseach for the third successive time - a feat which had only been accomplished before by Éamon de Valera. This victory was historic for another reason - with the Progressive Democrats vanquished, Fianna Fáil brought the Green Party into government for the first time. Despite the controversies and the resurgance in popularity of the main Opposition party, Fine Gael, governance under Ahern looked set to continue for another term.
Ahern's new Cabinet was largely the same as the one which had just been dissolved: several ministers continued in their old portfolios, among them Mary Hanafin in Education, Micheál Martin in Enterprise, Trade and Employment and Brian Cowen in Finance. With previous Tánaiste Michael McDowell one of several Progressive Democrat TDs who had lost their seats, Ahern named Cowen as his new deputy, fuelling speculation that the Laois-Offaly TD would be the one to replace Ahern when he eventually stepped down.
The new government also contained a number of changes: the Green Party were represented at the cabinet table with John Gormley (Dublin South East) as Environment Minister and Eamon Ryan (Dublin South) in Communications, Energy & Natural Resources. Previous Environment Minister Dick Roche was demoted to Junior Minister status as Minister of State for European Affairs. Ahern also promoted the previous Minister of State for Children, the late Brian Lenihan, as Justice Minister. Surprisingly, despite being one of only two Progressive Democrats left in the Dáil, Mary Harney remained in the Health portfolio.
The TDs who made up the Ministers of State also remained more or less the same, albeit with a complete reshuffling of portfolios. Green Party TD for Dublin North Trevor Sargent, who had led the party during the election but resigned after promising to do so if the party entered coalition, took the Food and Horticulture portfolio. The only other notable changes in the junior ministries was the abolition some portfolios such as Traffic Management, Road Haulage & the Irish Aviation Authority.
This government would last just one year before Ahern announced he would resign as Taoiseach and Fianna Fáil leader so as to put a stop to the government's distraction with his financial situation. As widely expected, he was succeeded by Brian Cowen, who was elected Taoiseach by the Dáil when Ahern officially stepped down a month after his annoucement. Cowen immediately formed the 28th Government of Ireland, which served until the 2011 general election.
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